Modern technologies like preimplantation genetic screening and preimplantation genetic diagnosis give parents-to-be the exciting chance to choose the gender of their future child(ren). In vitro fertilization, on the other hand, allows sperm and egg to be combined to make a baby. By using a preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) technique – IVF gender selection– couples using assisted reproductive technologies like IVF are able to identify the gender of their babies before they deliver embryos into their wombs.
Infertile couples with a single child during their lifetimes may be able to determine the sex of their embryos using PGD IVF gender selection. Thanks to the current embryo screening and testing in Vitro Fertilization (IVF), fertility doctors are able to determine a babys gender prior to the implanting procedure with the help of PGD. Preimplantation Genetic Testing-Aneuploidy (PGT-A) allows the selection of the sex (but not the sex) of the child in the process of in vitro fertilization (IVF).
Sex selection is possible when patients use in vitro fertilization (IVF) with preimplantation genetic testing (PGT). Whether the reason for the gender selection is medical or for choice, the success rates of the selection of the gender are extremely high using in vitro fertilization with either preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) or preimplantation genetic screening (PGS/PGT-A). With PGD, and the assumption that you have a viable embryo that is of the correct gender to implant, the success rates of successfully selecting the gender are extremely high, at 99 percent.
Gender selection is also based on testing of embryos (also known as preimplantation genetic diagnosis) to select an embryo that has the desired gender to implant in your uterus. This is the process of the couple or an individual selecting the genetic sex of the baby, male or female, by testing embryos (eggs) created by in vitro fertilization, prior to implanting one in the uterus. The choice of gender is then used in selecting which embryo is placed in the uterus again, which is a part of the IVF process.
Virtually nobody objects to selection, since information about embryos sex is obtained for medical purposes. After separating unhealthy embryos, parents may also choose their childs sex, by identifying a specific gender embryo(s) for implantation in their wombs via in vitro fertilization. For example, if parents have two daughters, they may decide to transfer a male embryo.
It is also possible for a couple who do not have an infertility issue to want to go through with an IVF procedure in order to select the gender of the baby. These current IVF patients, and past patients that have eggs or embryos stored cryostorage for a future pregnancy, might also wish to consider selecting their sex. With the expansion of PGD indications and the promotion of preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) to find aneuploid embryos in IVF cycles, doctors caring for IVF patients will face this ethical dilemma about choosing the gender of the baby more often and regularly.
The use of PGD to selectively select a sex, even for couples who have already undergone medically indicated IVF, is not encouraged, and it is certainly discouraged to start an IVF and PGD cycle purely to select sex selection for fertile patients. When couples who are undergoing IVF for medical reasons already have an infant or children of one sex, and therefore are pursuing PGD for the purpose of identifying embryos to transfer to another sex, this is of lesser concern as a contribution to sex imbalances in the population at large. Selecting a babys sex by using IVF Australia for fertile couples who are not undergoing it for medical reasons is ethically contentious.
Obviously, the health and well-being of the child-to-be is a parents primary concern, yet couples who use IVF to address fertility issues are allowed to choose a particular sex instead. In simple terms, gender-balance means if you always wanted a girl, but have only had sons, intending parents are able to choose genders while they are doing the IVF process, to make sure that you will be able to have a girl. As mentioned by Dr. Anate Brauer, a lot of couples opt to select gender in IVF to achieve family balancing – meaning that they had three boys and now they want a girl, or vice versa.
Those who wish to select a childs gender for family balance would go through the same protocols and treatments that women and men who use IVF go through. A person cannot sex-select embryos from IVF without medical assistance solely because they wish to have a male or female child. IVF sex selection, often mistakenly called sex selection, is the process whereby embryos are selected based on their sex chromosomes during an IVF cycle in order to produce either male or female offspring, according to a parents wishes.
Today, sex selection is also used to describe the process of fertility treatments which increases the probability of the birth of the child having the desired sex, either male or female. Just like the term ivf gender selection sounds, it refers to a process whereby the potential parents, or parents, select the biological sex (male or female) of the baby, only possible using IVF embryos. Since the embryos gender is easily accessible to parents as a byproduct of the IVF process, one could argue that having sex selection choices is a reproductive freedom the parents who are going through IVF should have.
Being able to select selectively for sperm containing a desired X-chromosome or Y-chromosome, or for embryos that contain either an XX-chromosome or XY-chromosome pair, allows a person to select the gender of ones children. Sex selection allows couples to select female-female embryos or those without affected males in order to avoid risking those genetic disorders for their children. You cannot choose a babys gender when in vitro fertilization, but you can choose his sex.